The articles in this blog by Central City Opera are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Thursday, July 31, 2014

How well do you know the von Trapps?

The story of the von Trapp family has changed quite a bit over the years. There were even differences between the autobiographies written by Maria von Trapp and her stepdaughter Agathe (portrayed as Liesl in The Sound of Music). Can you guess where the following situations first appeared?

Your choices are:
A. Real life
B. The 1956 German film Die Trapp-Familie, which you can watch on YouTube (including English subtitles if you choose closed captions) 
C. The 1959 Broadway musical The Sound of Music 
D. The 1965 film The Sound of Music 

  1. Georg von Trapp uses a whistle to summon his children.
  2. Maria creates clothing for the children out of old curtains.
  3. Maria sings “I Have Confidence” while leaving the Abbey for the von Trapp villa.
  4. Maria and Georg return from their honeymoon a few days after the Anschluss (Nazi occupation.)
  5. It is the von Trapp boys’ idea to enter the music festival competition.
  6. Max Detweiler acts as the family’s manager.
  7. The von Trapps hide in the Abbey before escaping to Switzerland.
  8. Brigitta von Trapp is ten years old.
  9. Maria discusses warm wool mittens.
  10. Louisa can reportedly climb the trellis with a toad in her hand.
The answers can be found on page 49 of Central City Opera's 2014 Opera Insider Festival Resource Guide.

The Sound of Music plays exclusively in the Ellie Caulkins Opera House of the Denver Performing Arts Complex from August 2-10, 2014.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

The Sound of Music: Comparing Timelines

The stage and screen versions of The Sound of Music were based on the real-life story of Maria von Trapp....but the timeline of events was severely condensed for dramatic purposes. Take a look below at the comparison; the musical compresses almost twelve years into a little more than three months on stage.
Maria and Georg von Trapp, whose story famously became The Sound of Music (image from
Troy Cook and Katherine Manley in Central City Opera's production, running in Denver August 2-10, 2014 (photo by Kira Horvath)
Georg von Trapp is born in 1880, Maria Augusta Kutschera born 1905

Around 1924 or 25 - Maria enters convent, after graduating college [age 19? - she was there for 2 years]

Around October 1926 - Maria is sent to von Trapps until June - he is 46, she 21, just four years older than eldest son

March 1927 – Princess Yvonne arrives (a distant relative of Georg’s first wife), Yvonne tells Maria that Georg’s in love with Maria but will still marry Yvonne

May 1927 – von Trapp is determined to be engaged to Princess Yvonne but gets pert note from Maria, calls off proposal to Yvonne; thirteen days before Maria is to leave he uses children to ultimately propose (a bit of a modern game of “Telephone”)

November 26, 1927Wedding

1933 - von Trapps lose money investing in Austrian banks, began to take in boarders

Easter 1935 - Father Wasner comes to villa, becomes choral manager

August 1936 – Soprano Lotte Lehman hears singing, insists they do concerts, enter the Salzburg Festival for group singing, which they win; then invited to radio broadcast, heard by Austrian Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg who invites them to sing in Vienna; soon the von Trapps are touring the whole map of Europe

1937 - First European tour

March 12, 1938 - Anschluss, the Nazi occupation of Austria

May 1938 – Nazis notice they’re not hanging flags

June 1938 – Decline Germans three times in one week, Escape in broad daylight on train to Italy
Dec. 12, 1937*; “until September” - Maria Rainer is sent to von Trapps

Six Weeks Later [Jan. 23, 1938] - Elsa arrives

One Week Later [Jan. 30, 1938] - Party; Brigitta tells Maria that Captain is in love with her, Maria runs away

Three days later [Feb. 2, 1938]- Maria returns, she and Georg are engaged

Two weeks later [Feb. 16, 1938] – Wedding

One month later [March 16, 1938] - von Trapps return from honeymoon and receive news of the new commission (we are told Anschluss was four days ago—the Nazi occupation of Austria on March 12, 1938)

Three days later [March 19, 1938] - Kaltzberg Festival and Escape [Depicted in the film as being the same night they return from their honeymoon]

* NOTE: Musical “dates” above are based off the historical date of the Anschluss in Act Two, adjusting other dates by the days and weeks mentioned between scenes.

This timeline was created for Central City Opera's 2014 Opera Insider by Erin Joy Swank, Production Manager/Stage Manager for Education & Community Engagement. Learn more about the creation of The Sound of Music (and the rest of the 2014 Festival) and read interviews with several of the cast members by checking out additional articles.

Monday, July 28, 2014

MONDAY NUN DAY: Richard Rodgers' Research for The Sound of Music

For today's Monday Nun Day posting, we take a look into the creation of the music sung by the nuns in The Sound of Music. Did you know that this liturgical-style music was written specifically for the production? There's also quite a bit more of it in the stage version than what you might remember from the iconic Julie Andrews film...and we're excited to share it with you during the Central City Opera 2014 Festival!
Richard and Dorothy Rodgers at Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart at a concert arranged by Mother Morgan for research on The Sound of Music - Photo from New York Public Library Digital Gallery
Richard Rodgers wrote in Musical Stages: An Autobiography:
One musical problem confronting me was the opening piece. Rather than begin with the customary overture, we decided to open immediately on a scene in Nonnberg Abbey, in which the nuns are heard chanting a Catholic prayer, "Dixit Dominus." Since I had been so strongly against a score that combined old music with new, I could hardly fall back on using a traditional melody for the mass. Writing "Western" songs for Oklahoma! or "Oriental" songs for The King and I had never fazed me, but the idea of composing a Catholic prayer made me apprehensive. Given my lack of familiarity with liturgical music, as well as the fact that I was of a different faith, I had to make sure that what I wrote would sound as authentic as possible.
Richard Rodgers at Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart - also from NYPL Digital Gallery
So for the first time in my life I did a little research - and it turned out to be one of the most rewarding music lessons I've ever had. Through friends I got in touch with Mother Morgan, the head of the music department at Manhattanville College in Purchase, New York. She was not only willing to help; she even invited Dorothy and me to a specially arranged concert at which the nuns and seminarians sand and performed many different kinds of religious music, from Gregorian chants to a modern work by Gabriel Fauré. An unexpectedly amusing moment came when Mother Morgan, waving her arms like a cheerleader at a football game, was vigorously conducting a particularly dramatic passage. As the music built to its peak, above the singing could be clearly heard Mother Morgan's booming command: "Pray it!"
Mother Morgan (above) assisted Ricard Rodgers in his research for creating the liturgical music for The Sound of Music.
Catch Richard Rodgers' beautiful music inspired by Mother Morgan and her fellow nuns during The Sound of Music. The production runs exclusively at the Ellie Caulkins Opera House in the Denver Performing Arts Complex, August 2-10, 2014.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Maria Zifchak Discusses her Contrasting Maternal Roles

It's a good thing Maria Zifchak is a Libra. By day she pleads for her condemned son's life while suffocating under the publicity’s scrutiny, but by night she runs a private, bucolic convent while offering sage advice. Of course Ms. Zifchak is only acting in both scenarios, but her performances are so convincing one would think she was leading a double life. 

“These roles are vastly different,” Zifchak said in reference to playing the tenacious Mrs. De Rocher in Dead Man Walking and the iconic Mother Abbess in The Sound of Music.

Maria Zifchak's headshot as featured on her website.
Central City Opera's Dead Man Walking opened on July 5, but Zifchak still finds herself navigating the show’s moral gray area as the mother of a death row inmate who raped and murdered a teenage girl. “There are still some things that are hard to understand,” said the seasoned mezzo-soprano. “How does a person feel having a family member, someone that they created, do such a terrible thing? I’m not a mother. I’ve said that through this whole rehearsal process; I don’t know how I’d handle it.”

Though not a mother, Zifchak possesses the genuine warmth and compassion all parents strive to exude, and she gracefully brings these traits to her Mrs. De Rocher. “It is a stretch. I have to try to think in a motherly way, but you can almost do that by thinking about your family,” she stated. “Even with nieces and nephews you worry about them and think what their future will be, so that’s kind of motherly.”

Zifchak has performed with the esteemed Metropolitan Opera, but she is facing one of her most challenging roles here during her fourth season in Central City. “She seems like the kind of person who didn’t have that great of a life, but she did the best she could with raising her kids. No matter how you raise your kids, you are a product of your environment,” Zifchak said of Mrs. De Rocher. “I still try to discover the ah-ha moments to get her inside me.”

Zifchak, as Mrs. De Rocher in Dead Man Walking, says goodbye to
her son Joseph, played by Michael Mayes. Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
And after completing a harrowing matinee, Zifchak gets to moonlight in a cheerier role where she’s often spotted high-fiving the Von Trapp children and cracking jokes with cast members. The Sound of Music, opening on August 2 in Denver, may be a lighter piece, but Zifchak is facing yet another challenge: this will be her first musical since high school. “The show’s a completely different tone. It’s laidback, its fun, but at the same time there’s a lot of stress because everybody knows this show,” she proclaimed robustly.

On top of the musical’s fame, Zifchak also has to tackle “Climb Ev’ry Mountain,” one of musical theatre’s most well-known anthems. “It’s a little nerve-racking, but the song brings out your inner strength,” she said.

When comparing her two motherly roles, Zifchak said, “Mother Abbess is completely different structure-wise. She lives in a stricter world; there were rules, there were things you had to do in order to run this abbey. It was just a more structured life, easier in a way than Mrs. De Rocher’s.”

With roles this rich, Zifchak doesn’t seem to mind that she’s playing two mother figures in one season. “I guess typecasting bothers some people, but if it makes the show more believable then you’ll be cast how others see you!” quipped Zifchak.

The dual roles have certainly kept Zifchak occupied, but she still makes time to hike with her three dogs and even people-watch at the local casinos. Her time here may be approaching its end, but Zifchak is savoring each moment. “This summer has been a challenge; it has been the gamut of emotions,” she said deliberately. “I’m glad to have these roles because they’re not that big – they make their impact, and then they go.”

In perhaps Dead Man Walking’s most poignant moment, Zifchak as Mrs. De Rocher asks Sister Helen to take a picture of her and her sons knowing that their family of four will soon be reduced to three. Zifchak takes the center seat, adjusts her hair, and proudly gathers her boys around her. The camera flashes, capturing the smiling family for just a moment before it disappears, fading from everywhere but our memories.

Catch Maria Zifchak in the final performance 
of Dead Man Walking on Friday, July 25, 
and then come down to Denver for
The Sound of Music from August 2-10!

Monday, July 21, 2014

The Versatile Karen Federing on her Role as Director of Production

For all its right brain glory, theatre still takes some math. A simple ratio goes something like this  a dozen behind-the-scene workers for every star shining onstage. Designers create the world of the play while the director provides the vision. Wardrobe crews help with quick changes while the stage manager calls the cues. And while all these independent elements begin to intertwine as show time approaches, Director of Production Karen Federing assures that each piece fits together financially, professionally, and artistically. Simply put, Ms. Federing is the cranium to Central City Opera.

Director of Production Karen Federing sits on the porch
of her colorful home in Central City, The Pink House.
“It’s a multifaceted job,” Federing explained before unleashing her daily helter-skelter schedule of events only she and the Energizer Bunny could oversee with such zest.

July may conjure images of balmy beaches and idle evenings, but Central City is abuzz with performances, rehearsals, and photo shoots during its most dramatic month. Before the working day begins, Federing likes to check in with Festival Services Manager Allison Taylor on van runs for errands, scheduling details, and the day’s happenings. Next, she makes her rounds. Federing dutifully checks in with each department, valuing personal presence, one-on-one time, and eye contact. “It can take a while to physically get to my desk,” she said.

Whatever follows varies from day to day. Federing may be handing out waitlist tickets before a matinee or initialing tomorrow’s schedule as approval. She might check in backstage to see that a show is running on time or hold meetings with interns. And then at some point, like all mortals, she stops to eat. “Sometimes lunch is thankfully catered during recitals, which forces me to not go anywhere,” Federing laughed.

Evenings bring more excitement. By sunset Federing has visited Festival Hall, the company’s nucleus, for a third time. “Sometimes being a personal presence as opposed to an email is more helpful to people,” she said. Then the curtain rises at 8:00, but not before Federing can relish a favorite part of her job.

Just before the Opera House opens its birch beer-colored doors, thirty minutes before curtain, Federing stops traffic and leads her seven uniformed interns across Eureka Street as proudly as a mother goose chaperones her chicks through a busy stream. "Hit it," Federing beckons once her interns are on safe ground. The interns then chirp their witty Usher Song as Federing jovially bops along to the music, mouthing along to its tune. Later at 11:00, as the cast takes their bow, Federing rises from her desk and returns home.
Federing smiles with some of her 2014 Interns before
leading them across Eureka Street to sing their Usher Song.
From all of these interactions – with problem solving aplenty along the way – it is clear why Federing talks fast, thinks fast, and acts fast. She has perhaps the most interactive job at Central City Opera, a fact she initially did not connect to her degree in anthropology from George Washington University. Federing first wanted to be a primatologist, but she has recently discovered how her current job is indeed sociological in nature. “The truth is, in whatever environment you work there’s a culture associated with it,” she said. “We all have this one agenda, so you have to bring everyone together to move forward. You have to be curious about people and enjoy working with people.” Her college classes may not cross her mind much nowadays, but Federing, as personal in tête-à-têtes as she is gregarious at parties, still benefits from her anthropological core.

Federing is charismatically kinetic, even in the off-season. She spends the remaining eight months at her home in Yonkers, which she lovingly calls her “satellite office.” Now in her thirteenth summer with Central City Opera, Federing has been a year-round employee for about four years.
Federing poses with Festival Services Manager Allison Taylor
on June 28, the Opening Night for the 2014 Festival.
In October she’s organizing the coming season’s budget. By November she’s checking in with staff to see who will return. After the holidays she’s Skyping hopeful interns, and come springtime she’s answering umpteen emails asking, “What will my housing be like?” She chuckles at this one, knowing its answer takes at least a phone call to justly explain Central City’s quirk and charm. And finally in May, Federing’s the first non-local employee* to arrive in Colorado  but not before making the three-day, cross-country drive from waterside Yonkers to alpine Central City with clothing and shoes galore. “I pack less and less every year,” she assured. “I used to bring out bags of hangers until I thought, ‘Good lord, Federing, buy some hangers! You’re schlepping them across the country like a crazy woman.’”

The off-season may be slightly more languid, but Federing still prefers summertime's buzz. It all starts on one of Federing’s favorite days: when the young interns arrive. “It’s just the excitement of the season beginning,” she shared. “Everyone’s well-rested and enthusiastic. They may be huffing and puffing from the altitude, but they’re ready to roll.”

Indeed, Federing may be more than just the ever-pulsing cranium to Central City Opera. “Another ideal day is when [company members] start coming in telling me the work they’re going to do next,” she reflected before taking an unconventional pause. “I’ve watched people’s posture change with confidence; you can see that over two-and-a-half months. You watch somebody bloom,” she said, her eyes glistening. “You do the math – that’s fourteen interns over thirteen summers. To me that’s a lot of lives to touch.”

*During the off-season, the Central City Opera reduces to approximately a dozen staff members in the Denver administrative office, keeping the company running all year long and offering year-round programming throughout Colorado and Wyoming.

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

DEAD MAN WALKING's Jennifer Rivera on Balancing Music, Motherhood, and Morality

Jennifer Rivera
(Sister Helen Prejean,
Dead Man Walking)
Jennifer Rivera barely leaves the stage. In the past year alone, she’s performed in Boston, Omaha, and Milwaukee. Now she’s starring as Sister Helen Prejean in Central City Opera’s Dead Man Walking where, during a nearly three hour tour de force, she leaves the stage for a twenty-five second costume change. When she does leave the stage (and then the Opera House), Rivera is fulfilling another full-time job: she’s the mother of a year-and-a-half-old boy.

“This is the hardest role I’ve done since having my son,” Rivera said, a fact no one is arguing.

It’s more than the stage time that makes this role, based off of the experiences of the real Sister Helen Prejean, so demanding. In Dead Man Walking Sister Helen writes to, befriends, and ultimately redeems Joseph De Rocher, a fictionalized murderer and rapist on Louisiana's death row. She travels through Bible Belt heat only to be frozen by the questions of the victims’ parents. She climbs the prison system’s endless bureaucratic ladder only to faint from exhaustion. And she instills warmth and forgiveness in De Rocher only to see him injected with lethal poison.

“I balance because my parents are both here,” Rivera explained. “That’s how I manage. They’re here not to just help me take care of my son, but for emotional support as well. My dad after the opening said, ‘My gosh, now I understand what you’ve been going through.’”

Jennifer Rivera, as Sister Helen, stars in Central City Opera's Dead Man Walking.
Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
Despite these challenges, mezzo-soprano Rivera approached the role as any professional would – by reading the eponymous book upon which Jake Heggie and Terrence McNally’s opera is based. “The thing I took away from her book was Sister Helen’s basic idea of compassion and dignity for all human beings, and yet it’s easy to not think about it because when you’re dealing with criminals you forget about their humanity.”

Rivera further humanizes her Sister Helen by physicalizing her doubts and understanding the justice the opposing side craves. “I was associating a lot with the parents because I’m a mother, so the scenes with the parents asking, ‘How can you possibly counsel this person who killed my child?’ really resonated with me,” Rivera said. “Those parts upset me; I could understand what the parents were saying.”

Luckily, Rivera juxtaposes the heavy opera with Colorado's scenic delights. "It's bucolic here," she said. With rehearsals ended she now has more time to spend with her son and family in Central City and on day trips.

This is a difficult show, however, to not ponder after the curtain call. Aside from trying to make sense of the opera’s moral gray area, Rivera has heard how the show also divides its audience. Capital punishment is still legal in Colorado and 31 other states, though many sympathize with its victims. Others feel differently. “My husband did tell me that there was a guy sitting next to him who was really stoic all night and only applauded when the paralegal announced that the death sentence would stay,” Rivera shared.

Regardless of opposing views, Rivera found ways to fuel Sister Helen’s altruistic spirit. First, she created easy camaraderie with Michael Mayes who plays the imprisoned De Rocher. “We’ve known each other for years, and then we worked together this past fall,” she stated. Naturally, the characters’ emotional journeys further brought them together. “He’s very convincing. I was giving him hugs during the breaks!” said Rivera.

Jennifer Rivera in a scene with Michael Mayes who plays
death row inmate Joseph De Rocher in Dead Man Walking. Photo by Kira Horvath.
She also met composer Jake Heggie after a dress rehearsal. “He could not be nicer or more supportive,” she beamed. “It kind of comes out in his music too; his music’s very compassionate.” Heggie also gave Rivera a pointer after the show – he wanted her to find Sister Helen’s inner joy. This was not a difficult shift for the contagiously warm Rivera, but a particular phone call certainly helped make her understand Heggie’s note.

“He got me in contact with Sister Helen,” Rivera said. “She’s all the things you hope she would be – she’s a good listener, very compassionate, very down to earth. She said she feels a kinship with all the women who play her because she feels like we go through her emotional journey in a certain way. You can’t really compare acting this scenario to living it and witnessing people die, but she was like, ‘You know, it’s kind of the same thing. You’re experiencing it in your own way,’ which is a pretty generous way of thinking about it.”

Their real life experiences may be unique, but Rivera is truly not so different from her role’s namesake. Both women are tireless, passionate, and work to broaden their respective audiences’ outlooks. “The show makes me want to talk about this subject,” Rivera said. “It makes me feel proud to be a part of it because I feel it could affect someone’s opinions.”

Dead Man Walking runs through July 25th at the Central City Opera House.

Tuesday, July 1, 2014

What to Listen for in THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO

Today's blog post is from an article in our 2014 Opera Insider Festival Resource Guide, written by Education & Community Engagement Coordinator Emily Murdock.

Music & Class Status

Mozart’s librettist for The Marriage of Figaro was Lorenzo Da Ponte. This was their first collaboration (of three), and it’s often said that Mozart and Da Ponte were the Dream Team of opera. Da Ponte adapted Beaumarchais’s 1784 play La folle journée, ou le Mariage de Figaro into a tight, clever libretto. But since Da Ponte was well aware that Beaumarchais had gotten into hot water over his politically charged play, he was careful to avoid any potentially inciting scenes and lines in his libretto. Instead, this controversial content played out in Mozart’s music. 

In the Classical era (as we now know it) of opera, it was conventional for the noble and upper class characters to sing a recitativo accompagnato, or accompanied recitative, before their major aria. Recitativo accompagnato is recitative that is accompanied by the full orchestra, not just the harpsichord and basso continuo (usually played by the cello). It gives the impression that the singer is commanding the response of the orchestra or vice versa – very much a dialogue between the two musical entities. It was not conventional for a character of a lower class to sing this particular form. But in The Marriage of Figaro, Mozart gave all four of his main characters – the Count, the Countess, Figaro, and Susanna – accompanied recitative and arias. This put the servants on equal footing as their masters – an idea that was blatantly obvious in the French play, but made more subtle in the opera. Consider also the order in which Mozart has the characters singing their arias:  the Count in Act 3, scene 4 (“Hai già vinta la causa”…”Vedrò mentre io sospiro”); the Countess in Act 3, scene 8 (“E Susanna non vien”….”Dove sono”); Figaro in Act 4, scene 8 (“Tutto è disposto”…”Aprite un pó quegl’occchi”); and Susanna finally in Act 4, scene 10 (“Giunse alfin il momento”…”Deh vieni non tardar”). Does this order mean that the servants get the last word? And in addition to that, do the women get the last word over the men? This is a possibility, and the idea very much underlines the themes in the play.

Another convention that Mozart broke is through his use of rustic meters in unexpected contexts. Rhythmic meter in music is the organization of music into regularly recurring measures or bars of stressed and unstressed "beats.” “Rustic” meters were those that had the feeling of triplets, like 6/8. They were to be used exclusively for lower class characters in certain situations, like peasant dances or shepherds singing, for example. Possibly to put his two heroines on more equal footing, Mozart uses the 6/8 meter in the famous duet between Susanna and the Countess, Sull’aria”…“Che soave zeffiretto,” when they are writing a letter together to deceive the Count. 

It may be one of the most beautiful and serene-sounding duets of all time, yet it is in the meter of a lower class. 

Mozart does this again in Susanna’s aria “Deh vieni non tardar” near the end of the opera. After singing her “noble” accompanied recitative, Susanna sings a beautiful aria about anticipating love – set in a rustic meter while she is dressed as the Countess. Conversely, Figaro’s aria “Se vuol ballare” in Act 1 is set to a noble dance meter, the courtly minuet in 3/4. 

Figaro sings the words “If he wants to dance, my dear little Count, I’ll play the guitar for him, indeed.” The fact that a servant sings these impertinent words to a noble dance meter clearly turns the tables on who is in control in this lower class/upper class relationship. These kinds of musical nuances may be lost on today’s audiences, but they were certainly pushing boundaries in Mozart’s time.

Check out the 2014 Opera Insider for the rest of Emily's article, as well as history on the productions and what inspired the composers and librettists to write them, interviews with the artists, conversation-starting questions and activities….even a musical version of Sudoku!