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Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Designer Dave Bova Reveals What’s Beneath the Wigs

Three summers with Central City Opera, eighteen Broadway credits, and thirty-two wigs in The Sound of Music. When asked how many hairs it takes to ventilate a single wig, consummate Wig and Makeup Designer Dave Bova wisecracked, “Oh God I don’t know. As many hairs as on the human head…thousands or more.”

Bova has established himself as one of the business’ most sought-after designers – the business of course including straight theatre, musicals, and opera in professional and educational environments alike. Bova often finds himself juggling eight to ten projects simultaneously with each show opening within a three-month period, and somehow he manages it without coughing up any hairballs. “I have an assistant who’s better than me,” Bova humbly explained.

Dave Bova's headshot, courtesy of his webpage.
In his nearly twenty-year career, Bova has seen wig designs evolve just as theatrical aesthetics too have shifted. “The scale of the hair style would be different. Opera houses are bigger so the hair would be too. That’s not true anymore; in the last two decades opera has taken a more realistic turn mostly because people want to see a movie on stage,” he said. “Wigs aren’t supposed to look wiggy now.”

Nowadays, designers like Bova neither attempt to make unbelievable wigs nor do they necessarily strive for historical accuracy. “If you want to see period-correct, go to a museum,” Bova bluntly stated. “When you’re designing, whether it’s set, costume, or hair, it’s not about period-correct. It’s about what the audience will perceive is real for that show.” Styles that were in vogue decades or centuries ago may look anachronistic on stage even if presented truthfully. Thus a crafty wig designer must sculpt not only what unifies the show’s composition but also what looks reminiscent of how changing audiences will understand the given period.

Bova put this in perspective for The Sound of Music, his final show for Central City Opera’s 2014 Festival. “Maria’s wig for her wedding is pushing forward in time. The original Maria had her hair pulled back in a bun, but that’s not very glamorous for the stage,” he shared. He also added that in his research images, “every one of the von Trapp kids were brunettes,” but for Americans to realistically perceive the characters as full-blood Austrians it helps to style them as mostly blondish.

Troy Cook as Captain von Trapp and Kate Maley as Maria, sporting
one of Bova's wigs, in The Sound of Music. Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
And just in case there was any doubt about why historicism may not be so practical in today’s theatre, Bova recalled our ancestors' less than ideal hygienic habits. “Georgian women would wash their hair every three months. We hardly use the real versions because people today wouldn’t find it as pretty,” he said.

It’s not just the type of theatre or the show’s setting that influences a wig’s style – it’s also the genre. “The biggest difference is if it’s a comedy or a drama or a tragedy; that will really determine look,” Bova described. The former genre may be more prone to exaggerated and larger-than-life wigs while the latter two might more often be rooted in realism.

Bova also shared his experiences working in juxtaposed theatrical settings. “In commercial theatre, if you screw up the show closes. In educational theatre the goal is to have a good experience – it’s not about the end product, it’s about the student learning,” he shared. “I like them all. When I get sick of one I do the other so it refreshes me. It’s a good balance.” Central City Opera uniquely blends these contrasting settings: the shows are produced by opera’s finest, but Bova also gets to oversee and teach a handful of assistants and interns each summer.

With the help of a patron, Bova demonstrates putting on a beard backstage at the
 Opera House during this year's Opera Inside-Out. Photo by Erin Joy Swank.
Regardless of the venue, Bova did agree on one key ingredient for any design process’ success. “Everyone has to make a strong choice, even if you don’t agree with it,” Bova said. “And then everyone must compromise so that we can all have a collaborative effort. That’s theatre.” With such a specific niche as makeup and wig design, Bova often has to defend his choices by the only way a designer most effectively can – through show and tell. If a director wants to put a honey-blonde wig on an actor with jet-black hair, “I prepare for what they want even if I disagree. I make two wigs – what they want and what I think works best – and put both of them up there, and 90% of the time I win. You must trust your instincts.” Bova also makes sure that the wig aligns with the costume and especially lighting designs as a colored gel can easily manipulate what a wig looks like under working stage lights. All of this, of course, reinforces Bova’s mantra that theatre is a collaborative art.

“If you don’t like that process then go paint a painting,” said the lovably salty Bova.

It mustn’t be forgotten that Bova also doubles as a makeup designer. While this process similarly entails research images and communication with the director and other designers, its execution is undeniably less time-consuming than creating a wig or even a mustache from scratch. Bova elegantly summed up his technique in a likewise brief way: “Makeup isn’t about changing your skin tone; it’s about flavoring it.”

Last year Bova designed The Barber of Seville for
Central City Opera's 2013 Festival. Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
With so many tasks to complete, employees to manage, and designs to create, it’s clear why time plays such an important factor in Bova’s work. A faultless day for Bova, then, involves “having everything just fit, like a puzzle. Having copious amounts of time and schedule not being an object is lovely,” he said. Another version of an ideal day is a bit more lax. “Going to karaoke, cooking a meal…I never get to cook because I’m always busy. In both respects what ties A and B together is having no restriction of time,” he stated.

Bova then captured the plight and wonder of an artists’ process. “It’s like eating – you can eat a beautiful meal fast, but it comes at a price,” he said. “There’s always money and the quality is high, but there’s never enough time. You can get it all done, but you never get to stop and smell the roses.”

Too many restrictions on time can only lead to onstage mishaps, creating a wig designer’s worst nightmare. “I did Cirque du Soleil and a guy had a wig fall off. He was also flipping thirty feet in the air and I only had two minutes to put it on him. You know, give me impossible tasks and the impossible will happen,” Bova said.

The wig worn by the businesswoman Elsa (Lucy Schaufer, The Sound of Music)
shows a more progressive look than what may have been commonplace in 1940's Austria. Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
Bova also has to manage another near impossible task, even if it’s unrelated to wigs or makeup. “You have to make times for your personal life,” he said. “You have to schedule visits, even in the middle of show.” While he’s stationed in New York, Bova is sometimes more often than not away from his home. “The hardest part is never sleeping in your own bed,” said an upbeat Bova, chuckling at his vagrant lifestyle.

What, then, propels Bova to leave his home, fill a taxi with wigs as if it were a clown car, and temporarily settle in obscurer parts of the globe?

“I come back for the lack of oxygen,” Bova joked of his stint in the Rockies. “No, we’re a family here. I kind of have a home in New York, but I come here for a summer and I sleep in the same bedroom and I have the same friends.”

Bova, once more the wordsmith, encapsulated his cosmopolitan career. “I have been paid to see so much of the world,” he smiled.

He may traverse the country and rub elbows with the likes of Betty Buckley or James Lapine, but at Central City Opera Bova has the rare treat in the arts to return to old friends and designers each summer. “People trust me here,” he said of Central City’s intimate family. “For a collaborative art to have a similar team’s very enjoyable.”

Catch Dave Bova's wig and makeup designs in The Sound of Music, playing through this Sunday, August 10 at the Ellie Caulkins Opera House in the Denver Performing Arts Complex.

Thursday, July 31, 2014

How well do you know the von Trapps?

The story of the von Trapp family has changed quite a bit over the years. There were even differences between the autobiographies written by Maria von Trapp and her stepdaughter Agathe (portrayed as Liesl in The Sound of Music). Can you guess where the following situations first appeared?

Your choices are:
A. Real life
B. The 1956 German film Die Trapp-Familie, which you can watch on YouTube (including English subtitles if you choose closed captions) 
C. The 1959 Broadway musical The Sound of Music 
D. The 1965 film The Sound of Music 

  1. Georg von Trapp uses a whistle to summon his children.
  2. Maria creates clothing for the children out of old curtains.
  3. Maria sings “I Have Confidence” while leaving the Abbey for the von Trapp villa.
  4. Maria and Georg return from their honeymoon a few days after the Anschluss (Nazi occupation.)
  5. It is the von Trapp boys’ idea to enter the music festival competition.
  6. Max Detweiler acts as the family’s manager.
  7. The von Trapps hide in the Abbey before escaping to Switzerland.
  8. Brigitta von Trapp is ten years old.
  9. Maria discusses warm wool mittens.
  10. Louisa can reportedly climb the trellis with a toad in her hand.
The answers can be found on page 49 of Central City Opera's 2014 Opera Insider Festival Resource Guide.

The Sound of Music plays exclusively in the Ellie Caulkins Opera House of the Denver Performing Arts Complex from August 2-10, 2014.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

The Sound of Music: Comparing Timelines

The stage and screen versions of The Sound of Music were based on the real-life story of Maria von Trapp....but the timeline of events was severely condensed for dramatic purposes. Take a look below at the comparison; the musical compresses almost twelve years into a little more than three months on stage.
Maria and Georg von Trapp, whose story famously became The Sound of Music (image from
Troy Cook and Katherine Manley in Central City Opera's production, running in Denver August 2-10, 2014 (photo by Kira Horvath)
Georg von Trapp is born in 1880, Maria Augusta Kutschera born 1905

Around 1924 or 25 - Maria enters convent, after graduating college [age 19? - she was there for 2 years]

Around October 1926 - Maria is sent to von Trapps until June - he is 46, she 21, just four years older than eldest son

March 1927 – Princess Yvonne arrives (a distant relative of Georg’s first wife), Yvonne tells Maria that Georg’s in love with Maria but will still marry Yvonne

May 1927 – von Trapp is determined to be engaged to Princess Yvonne but gets pert note from Maria, calls off proposal to Yvonne; thirteen days before Maria is to leave he uses children to ultimately propose (a bit of a modern game of “Telephone”)

November 26, 1927Wedding

1933 - von Trapps lose money investing in Austrian banks, began to take in boarders

Easter 1935 - Father Wasner comes to villa, becomes choral manager

August 1936 – Soprano Lotte Lehman hears singing, insists they do concerts, enter the Salzburg Festival for group singing, which they win; then invited to radio broadcast, heard by Austrian Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg who invites them to sing in Vienna; soon the von Trapps are touring the whole map of Europe

1937 - First European tour

March 12, 1938 - Anschluss, the Nazi occupation of Austria

May 1938 – Nazis notice they’re not hanging flags

June 1938 – Decline Germans three times in one week, Escape in broad daylight on train to Italy
Dec. 12, 1937*; “until September” - Maria Rainer is sent to von Trapps

Six Weeks Later [Jan. 23, 1938] - Elsa arrives

One Week Later [Jan. 30, 1938] - Party; Brigitta tells Maria that Captain is in love with her, Maria runs away

Three days later [Feb. 2, 1938]- Maria returns, she and Georg are engaged

Two weeks later [Feb. 16, 1938] – Wedding

One month later [March 16, 1938] - von Trapps return from honeymoon and receive news of the new commission (we are told Anschluss was four days ago—the Nazi occupation of Austria on March 12, 1938)

Three days later [March 19, 1938] - Kaltzberg Festival and Escape [Depicted in the film as being the same night they return from their honeymoon]

* NOTE: Musical “dates” above are based off the historical date of the Anschluss in Act Two, adjusting other dates by the days and weeks mentioned between scenes.

This timeline was created for Central City Opera's 2014 Opera Insider by Erin Joy Swank, Production Manager/Stage Manager for Education & Community Engagement. Learn more about the creation of The Sound of Music (and the rest of the 2014 Festival) and read interviews with several of the cast members by checking out additional articles.

Monday, July 28, 2014

MONDAY NUN DAY: Richard Rodgers' Research for The Sound of Music

For today's Monday Nun Day posting, we take a look into the creation of the music sung by the nuns in The Sound of Music. Did you know that this liturgical-style music was written specifically for the production? There's also quite a bit more of it in the stage version than what you might remember from the iconic Julie Andrews film...and we're excited to share it with you during the Central City Opera 2014 Festival!
Richard and Dorothy Rodgers at Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart at a concert arranged by Mother Morgan for research on The Sound of Music - Photo from New York Public Library Digital Gallery
Richard Rodgers wrote in Musical Stages: An Autobiography:
One musical problem confronting me was the opening piece. Rather than begin with the customary overture, we decided to open immediately on a scene in Nonnberg Abbey, in which the nuns are heard chanting a Catholic prayer, "Dixit Dominus." Since I had been so strongly against a score that combined old music with new, I could hardly fall back on using a traditional melody for the mass. Writing "Western" songs for Oklahoma! or "Oriental" songs for The King and I had never fazed me, but the idea of composing a Catholic prayer made me apprehensive. Given my lack of familiarity with liturgical music, as well as the fact that I was of a different faith, I had to make sure that what I wrote would sound as authentic as possible.
Richard Rodgers at Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart - also from NYPL Digital Gallery
So for the first time in my life I did a little research - and it turned out to be one of the most rewarding music lessons I've ever had. Through friends I got in touch with Mother Morgan, the head of the music department at Manhattanville College in Purchase, New York. She was not only willing to help; she even invited Dorothy and me to a specially arranged concert at which the nuns and seminarians sand and performed many different kinds of religious music, from Gregorian chants to a modern work by Gabriel Fauré. An unexpectedly amusing moment came when Mother Morgan, waving her arms like a cheerleader at a football game, was vigorously conducting a particularly dramatic passage. As the music built to its peak, above the singing could be clearly heard Mother Morgan's booming command: "Pray it!"
Mother Morgan (above) assisted Ricard Rodgers in his research for creating the liturgical music for The Sound of Music.
Catch Richard Rodgers' beautiful music inspired by Mother Morgan and her fellow nuns during The Sound of Music. The production runs exclusively at the Ellie Caulkins Opera House in the Denver Performing Arts Complex, August 2-10, 2014.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Maria Zifchak Discusses her Contrasting Maternal Roles

It's a good thing Maria Zifchak is a Libra. By day she pleads for her condemned son's life while suffocating under the publicity’s scrutiny, but by night she runs a private, bucolic convent while offering sage advice. Of course Ms. Zifchak is only acting in both scenarios, but her performances are so convincing one would think she was leading a double life. 

“These roles are vastly different,” Zifchak said in reference to playing the tenacious Mrs. De Rocher in Dead Man Walking and the iconic Mother Abbess in The Sound of Music.

Maria Zifchak's headshot as featured on her website.
Central City Opera's Dead Man Walking opened on July 5, but Zifchak still finds herself navigating the show’s moral gray area as the mother of a death row inmate who raped and murdered a teenage girl. “There are still some things that are hard to understand,” said the seasoned mezzo-soprano. “How does a person feel having a family member, someone that they created, do such a terrible thing? I’m not a mother. I’ve said that through this whole rehearsal process; I don’t know how I’d handle it.”

Though not a mother, Zifchak possesses the genuine warmth and compassion all parents strive to exude, and she gracefully brings these traits to her Mrs. De Rocher. “It is a stretch. I have to try to think in a motherly way, but you can almost do that by thinking about your family,” she stated. “Even with nieces and nephews you worry about them and think what their future will be, so that’s kind of motherly.”

Zifchak has performed with the esteemed Metropolitan Opera, but she is facing one of her most challenging roles here during her fourth season in Central City. “She seems like the kind of person who didn’t have that great of a life, but she did the best she could with raising her kids. No matter how you raise your kids, you are a product of your environment,” Zifchak said of Mrs. De Rocher. “I still try to discover the ah-ha moments to get her inside me.”

Zifchak, as Mrs. De Rocher in Dead Man Walking, says goodbye to
her son Joseph, played by Michael Mayes. Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
And after completing a harrowing matinee, Zifchak gets to moonlight in a cheerier role where she’s often spotted high-fiving the Von Trapp children and cracking jokes with cast members. The Sound of Music, opening on August 2 in Denver, may be a lighter piece, but Zifchak is facing yet another challenge: this will be her first musical since high school. “The show’s a completely different tone. It’s laidback, its fun, but at the same time there’s a lot of stress because everybody knows this show,” she proclaimed robustly.

On top of the musical’s fame, Zifchak also has to tackle “Climb Ev’ry Mountain,” one of musical theatre’s most well-known anthems. “It’s a little nerve-racking, but the song brings out your inner strength,” she said.

When comparing her two motherly roles, Zifchak said, “Mother Abbess is completely different structure-wise. She lives in a stricter world; there were rules, there were things you had to do in order to run this abbey. It was just a more structured life, easier in a way than Mrs. De Rocher’s.”

With roles this rich, Zifchak doesn’t seem to mind that she’s playing two mother figures in one season. “I guess typecasting bothers some people, but if it makes the show more believable then you’ll be cast how others see you!” quipped Zifchak.

The dual roles have certainly kept Zifchak occupied, but she still makes time to hike with her three dogs and even people-watch at the local casinos. Her time here may be approaching its end, but Zifchak is savoring each moment. “This summer has been a challenge; it has been the gamut of emotions,” she said deliberately. “I’m glad to have these roles because they’re not that big – they make their impact, and then they go.”

In perhaps Dead Man Walking’s most poignant moment, Zifchak as Mrs. De Rocher asks Sister Helen to take a picture of her and her sons knowing that their family of four will soon be reduced to three. Zifchak takes the center seat, adjusts her hair, and proudly gathers her boys around her. The camera flashes, capturing the smiling family for just a moment before it disappears, fading from everywhere but our memories.

Catch Maria Zifchak in the final performance 
of Dead Man Walking on Friday, July 25, 
and then come down to Denver for
The Sound of Music from August 2-10!

Monday, July 21, 2014

The Versatile Karen Federing on her Role as Director of Production

For all its right brain glory, theatre still takes some math. A simple ratio goes something like this  a dozen behind-the-scene workers for every star shining onstage. Designers create the world of the play while the director provides the vision. Wardrobe crews help with quick changes while the stage manager calls the cues. And while all these independent elements begin to intertwine as show time approaches, Director of Production Karen Federing assures that each piece fits together financially, professionally, and artistically. Simply put, Ms. Federing is the cranium to Central City Opera.

Director of Production Karen Federing sits on the porch
of her colorful home in Central City, The Pink House.
“It’s a multifaceted job,” Federing explained before unleashing her daily helter-skelter schedule of events only she and the Energizer Bunny could oversee with such zest.

July may conjure images of balmy beaches and idle evenings, but Central City is abuzz with performances, rehearsals, and photo shoots during its most dramatic month. Before the working day begins, Federing likes to check in with Festival Services Manager Allison Taylor on van runs for errands, scheduling details, and the day’s happenings. Next, she makes her rounds. Federing dutifully checks in with each department, valuing personal presence, one-on-one time, and eye contact. “It can take a while to physically get to my desk,” she said.

Whatever follows varies from day to day. Federing may be handing out waitlist tickets before a matinee or initialing tomorrow’s schedule as approval. She might check in backstage to see that a show is running on time or hold meetings with interns. And then at some point, like all mortals, she stops to eat. “Sometimes lunch is thankfully catered during recitals, which forces me to not go anywhere,” Federing laughed.

Evenings bring more excitement. By sunset Federing has visited Festival Hall, the company’s nucleus, for a third time. “Sometimes being a personal presence as opposed to an email is more helpful to people,” she said. Then the curtain rises at 8:00, but not before Federing can relish a favorite part of her job.

Just before the Opera House opens its birch beer-colored doors, thirty minutes before curtain, Federing stops traffic and leads her seven uniformed interns across Eureka Street as proudly as a mother goose chaperones her chicks through a busy stream. "Hit it," Federing beckons once her interns are on safe ground. The interns then chirp their witty Usher Song as Federing jovially bops along to the music, mouthing along to its tune. Later at 11:00, as the cast takes their bow, Federing rises from her desk and returns home.
Federing smiles with some of her 2014 Interns before
leading them across Eureka Street to sing their Usher Song.
From all of these interactions – with problem solving aplenty along the way – it is clear why Federing talks fast, thinks fast, and acts fast. She has perhaps the most interactive job at Central City Opera, a fact she initially did not connect to her degree in anthropology from George Washington University. Federing first wanted to be a primatologist, but she has recently discovered how her current job is indeed sociological in nature. “The truth is, in whatever environment you work there’s a culture associated with it,” she said. “We all have this one agenda, so you have to bring everyone together to move forward. You have to be curious about people and enjoy working with people.” Her college classes may not cross her mind much nowadays, but Federing, as personal in tête-à-têtes as she is gregarious at parties, still benefits from her anthropological core.

Federing is charismatically kinetic, even in the off-season. She spends the remaining eight months at her home in Yonkers, which she lovingly calls her “satellite office.” Now in her thirteenth summer with Central City Opera, Federing has been a year-round employee for about four years.
Federing poses with Festival Services Manager Allison Taylor
on June 28, the Opening Night for the 2014 Festival.
In October she’s organizing the coming season’s budget. By November she’s checking in with staff to see who will return. After the holidays she’s Skyping hopeful interns, and come springtime she’s answering umpteen emails asking, “What will my housing be like?” She chuckles at this one, knowing its answer takes at least a phone call to justly explain Central City’s quirk and charm. And finally in May, Federing’s the first non-local employee* to arrive in Colorado  but not before making the three-day, cross-country drive from waterside Yonkers to alpine Central City with clothing and shoes galore. “I pack less and less every year,” she assured. “I used to bring out bags of hangers until I thought, ‘Good lord, Federing, buy some hangers! You’re schlepping them across the country like a crazy woman.’”

The off-season may be slightly more languid, but Federing still prefers summertime's buzz. It all starts on one of Federing’s favorite days: when the young interns arrive. “It’s just the excitement of the season beginning,” she shared. “Everyone’s well-rested and enthusiastic. They may be huffing and puffing from the altitude, but they’re ready to roll.”

Indeed, Federing may be more than just the ever-pulsing cranium to Central City Opera. “Another ideal day is when [company members] start coming in telling me the work they’re going to do next,” she reflected before taking an unconventional pause. “I’ve watched people’s posture change with confidence; you can see that over two-and-a-half months. You watch somebody bloom,” she said, her eyes glistening. “You do the math – that’s fourteen interns over thirteen summers. To me that’s a lot of lives to touch.”

*During the off-season, the Central City Opera reduces to approximately a dozen staff members in the Denver administrative office, keeping the company running all year long and offering year-round programming throughout Colorado and Wyoming.

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

DEAD MAN WALKING's Jennifer Rivera on Balancing Music, Motherhood, and Morality

Jennifer Rivera
(Sister Helen Prejean,
Dead Man Walking)
Jennifer Rivera barely leaves the stage. In the past year alone, she’s performed in Boston, Omaha, and Milwaukee. Now she’s starring as Sister Helen Prejean in Central City Opera’s Dead Man Walking where, during a nearly three hour tour de force, she leaves the stage for a twenty-five second costume change. When she does leave the stage (and then the Opera House), Rivera is fulfilling another full-time job: she’s the mother of a year-and-a-half-old boy.

“This is the hardest role I’ve done since having my son,” Rivera said, a fact no one is arguing.

It’s more than the stage time that makes this role, based off of the experiences of the real Sister Helen Prejean, so demanding. In Dead Man Walking Sister Helen writes to, befriends, and ultimately redeems Joseph De Rocher, a fictionalized murderer and rapist on Louisiana's death row. She travels through Bible Belt heat only to be frozen by the questions of the victims’ parents. She climbs the prison system’s endless bureaucratic ladder only to faint from exhaustion. And she instills warmth and forgiveness in De Rocher only to see him injected with lethal poison.

“I balance because my parents are both here,” Rivera explained. “That’s how I manage. They’re here not to just help me take care of my son, but for emotional support as well. My dad after the opening said, ‘My gosh, now I understand what you’ve been going through.’”

Jennifer Rivera, as Sister Helen, stars in Central City Opera's Dead Man Walking.
Photo by Mark Kiryluk.
Despite these challenges, mezzo-soprano Rivera approached the role as any professional would – by reading the eponymous book upon which Jake Heggie and Terrence McNally’s opera is based. “The thing I took away from her book was Sister Helen’s basic idea of compassion and dignity for all human beings, and yet it’s easy to not think about it because when you’re dealing with criminals you forget about their humanity.”

Rivera further humanizes her Sister Helen by physicalizing her doubts and understanding the justice the opposing side craves. “I was associating a lot with the parents because I’m a mother, so the scenes with the parents asking, ‘How can you possibly counsel this person who killed my child?’ really resonated with me,” Rivera said. “Those parts upset me; I could understand what the parents were saying.”

Luckily, Rivera juxtaposes the heavy opera with Colorado's scenic delights. "It's bucolic here," she said. With rehearsals ended she now has more time to spend with her son and family in Central City and on day trips.

This is a difficult show, however, to not ponder after the curtain call. Aside from trying to make sense of the opera’s moral gray area, Rivera has heard how the show also divides its audience. Capital punishment is still legal in Colorado and 31 other states, though many sympathize with its victims. Others feel differently. “My husband did tell me that there was a guy sitting next to him who was really stoic all night and only applauded when the paralegal announced that the death sentence would stay,” Rivera shared.

Regardless of opposing views, Rivera found ways to fuel Sister Helen’s altruistic spirit. First, she created easy camaraderie with Michael Mayes who plays the imprisoned De Rocher. “We’ve known each other for years, and then we worked together this past fall,” she stated. Naturally, the characters’ emotional journeys further brought them together. “He’s very convincing. I was giving him hugs during the breaks!” said Rivera.

Jennifer Rivera in a scene with Michael Mayes who plays
death row inmate Joseph De Rocher in Dead Man Walking. Photo by Kira Horvath.
She also met composer Jake Heggie after a dress rehearsal. “He could not be nicer or more supportive,” she beamed. “It kind of comes out in his music too; his music’s very compassionate.” Heggie also gave Rivera a pointer after the show – he wanted her to find Sister Helen’s inner joy. This was not a difficult shift for the contagiously warm Rivera, but a particular phone call certainly helped make her understand Heggie’s note.

“He got me in contact with Sister Helen,” Rivera said. “She’s all the things you hope she would be – she’s a good listener, very compassionate, very down to earth. She said she feels a kinship with all the women who play her because she feels like we go through her emotional journey in a certain way. You can’t really compare acting this scenario to living it and witnessing people die, but she was like, ‘You know, it’s kind of the same thing. You’re experiencing it in your own way,’ which is a pretty generous way of thinking about it.”

Their real life experiences may be unique, but Rivera is truly not so different from her role’s namesake. Both women are tireless, passionate, and work to broaden their respective audiences’ outlooks. “The show makes me want to talk about this subject,” Rivera said. “It makes me feel proud to be a part of it because I feel it could affect someone’s opinions.”

Dead Man Walking runs through July 25th at the Central City Opera House.

Tuesday, July 1, 2014

What to Listen for in THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO

Today's blog post is from an article in our 2014 Opera Insider Festival Resource Guide, written by Education & Community Engagement Coordinator Emily Murdock.

Music & Class Status

Mozart’s librettist for The Marriage of Figaro was Lorenzo Da Ponte. This was their first collaboration (of three), and it’s often said that Mozart and Da Ponte were the Dream Team of opera. Da Ponte adapted Beaumarchais’s 1784 play La folle journée, ou le Mariage de Figaro into a tight, clever libretto. But since Da Ponte was well aware that Beaumarchais had gotten into hot water over his politically charged play, he was careful to avoid any potentially inciting scenes and lines in his libretto. Instead, this controversial content played out in Mozart’s music. 

In the Classical era (as we now know it) of opera, it was conventional for the noble and upper class characters to sing a recitativo accompagnato, or accompanied recitative, before their major aria. Recitativo accompagnato is recitative that is accompanied by the full orchestra, not just the harpsichord and basso continuo (usually played by the cello). It gives the impression that the singer is commanding the response of the orchestra or vice versa – very much a dialogue between the two musical entities. It was not conventional for a character of a lower class to sing this particular form. But in The Marriage of Figaro, Mozart gave all four of his main characters – the Count, the Countess, Figaro, and Susanna – accompanied recitative and arias. This put the servants on equal footing as their masters – an idea that was blatantly obvious in the French play, but made more subtle in the opera. Consider also the order in which Mozart has the characters singing their arias:  the Count in Act 3, scene 4 (“Hai già vinta la causa”…”Vedrò mentre io sospiro”); the Countess in Act 3, scene 8 (“E Susanna non vien”….”Dove sono”); Figaro in Act 4, scene 8 (“Tutto è disposto”…”Aprite un pó quegl’occchi”); and Susanna finally in Act 4, scene 10 (“Giunse alfin il momento”…”Deh vieni non tardar”). Does this order mean that the servants get the last word? And in addition to that, do the women get the last word over the men? This is a possibility, and the idea very much underlines the themes in the play.

Another convention that Mozart broke is through his use of rustic meters in unexpected contexts. Rhythmic meter in music is the organization of music into regularly recurring measures or bars of stressed and unstressed "beats.” “Rustic” meters were those that had the feeling of triplets, like 6/8. They were to be used exclusively for lower class characters in certain situations, like peasant dances or shepherds singing, for example. Possibly to put his two heroines on more equal footing, Mozart uses the 6/8 meter in the famous duet between Susanna and the Countess, Sull’aria”…“Che soave zeffiretto,” when they are writing a letter together to deceive the Count. 

It may be one of the most beautiful and serene-sounding duets of all time, yet it is in the meter of a lower class. 

Mozart does this again in Susanna’s aria “Deh vieni non tardar” near the end of the opera. After singing her “noble” accompanied recitative, Susanna sings a beautiful aria about anticipating love – set in a rustic meter while she is dressed as the Countess. Conversely, Figaro’s aria “Se vuol ballare” in Act 1 is set to a noble dance meter, the courtly minuet in 3/4. 

Figaro sings the words “If he wants to dance, my dear little Count, I’ll play the guitar for him, indeed.” The fact that a servant sings these impertinent words to a noble dance meter clearly turns the tables on who is in control in this lower class/upper class relationship. These kinds of musical nuances may be lost on today’s audiences, but they were certainly pushing boundaries in Mozart’s time.

Check out the 2014 Opera Insider for the rest of Emily's article, as well as history on the productions and what inspired the composers and librettists to write them, interviews with the artists, conversation-starting questions and activities….even a musical version of Sudoku!

Monday, June 30, 2014

Central City Opera Begins 2014 Festival with a (Dynamite) Bang

The mining town of Central City runs reliably like clockwork: ominous clouds followed by only light rain between 2:00 and 4:00 in the afternoon, then a bustling Eureka Street at 5:00, and finally a starry sky at midnight above the Rockies. On June 28, however, there was only sunlight, the traffic consisted of waltzing fathers and daughters, and the night was starry per usual, but this time alight with the dazzling cast and crew of Central City Opera’s The Marriage of Figaro.

Opening Night for Central City Opera’s 2014 Festival ran without a hitch. Denverites enjoyed the balmy weather as they arrived in Central City on Saturday afternoon in summer dresses and tuxedos. Children and grandparents, patrons and Guild members sauntered up and down Eureka Street, annually closed off for the opening’s festivities where cameras snap and champagne pops. The historic Johnson House and budding Teller House Garden hosted the opera patrons as they lounged in the sun before the day’s events began.

The Opera House basks in Saturday's sun on its 2014 Festival's Opening Day.

The familiar dinging of the Opera Bell rang for the first time this season at 4:50 PM – Festival Staffer Austin Abernathy announced that the Flower Girl presentation for the Yellow Rose Ball, Colorado’s oldest debutante ceremony, would begin in ten minutes. Powerful as the Opera Bell is, it was the booming dynamite blast at 5:00 PM from the staff of Hidee Gold Mine that truly kicked off the Festival. Chairman Emeritus Lanny Martin then introduced each of the 24 Flower Girls as they gracefully descended from the top floor of the Teller House down into its garden. Donning white gloves, the teenagers looked lovely in lavender as they assembled one by one in front of the Opera House, accompanied by their dapper escorts, for a photo op.

The 24 Flower Girls and their escorts pose in front of
the Opera House for a photo shoot.
Finally, General/Artistic Director Pelham "Pat" Pearce opened the Opera House and welcomed everyone to the 2014 Festival to near-dynamite applause. Pearce then directed everyone’s attention to the steps of St. James Methodist Church where the ushers sang their cheeky preshow tune. “We’re the ushers who show you to your seat, then nonchalantly we step upon your feet,” they sang, marching to the front of the Opera House.

Once the ushers finished their song, Central City Mayor Ron Engels presented the Opera Bell to Nancy Parker, Central City Opera’s current president. Parker rang the bell which signaled the St. James’ chimes to open Eureka Street for the Yellow Rose Waltz. Escorts then presented the Flower Girls to their fathers. Fathers and daughters began waltzing, then mothers joined in, and finally the rest of the guests until Eureka Street was swaying in three/four time, a harmony of lavender dresses, black tuxedos, and glimmering jewelry.

Festival Services Manager Allison Taylor (blue dress)
poses with this year's ushers/interns.
Guests next enjoyed a sumptuous meal (provided by Kevin Taylor Restaurant Group) in the Teller House before The Marriage of Figaro’s 8:00 curtain. At intermission, Flower Girls handed out yellow nosegays to patrons so that they could be tossed onto the stage during curtain call. By the time lead performers Michael Sumuel and Anna Christy (as lovelorn servants Figaro and Susanna) took their bows, the stage and orchestra pit below were flooded with flowers. The cast – joined by conductor Adrian Kelly, director Alessandro Talevi, and his talented team of designers – beamed as some tried to snatch the whizzing nosegays.

“[It’s a joy] watching the principal artists rehearse and perform. As a young artist, I love observing how they interact with the director, maestro, fellow principals, crew, and chorus,” said Kelsey Park, a Studio Artist who plays a maid and other ensemble roles in Figaro. “We also have a blast backstage – getting ready in the dressing rooms is an exciting adventure. We ladies enjoy a lot of laughs.”

Fathers waltz with their daughters, the Flower Girls,
on Eureka Street on Opening Night.
Following the performance, the company congregated on the second floor of Williams' Stables for the after party. Still maintaining Figaro’s 1920s Spain concept, Lifestyles Catering provided a themed meal complete with vegetable paella and panzanella salad with sangria, concocted by Events Assistant Sarah Harrison complete with oranges, lemons, and limes.

Harrison had the laborious task of planning the party and making sure that everyone, from the interns to the principal performers, enjoyed themselves in the stables-turned-dancehall. “I had a lot of various details in my head from logistics to food and decorations, so putting everything together and finalizing everything was definitely the most challenging part. Seeing it all gradually come together has been incredibly rewarding,” Harrison said.

The Marriage of Figaro continues through July 26th. The second Festival production, Dead Man Walking, opens July 5th and runs in repertory through the 25th.

Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Preview of our Singers from our First Dress Rehearsal of FIGARO!

The cast of The Marriage of Figaro is quite excited to finally be in costume! Susan Kulkarni did a beautiful job designing the 1920s inspired costumes, and we're excited to share them with a live audience on Opening Night, June 28. Until then, take a sneak peak at our social media-savvy singers tweeting, Facebooking and Instagram-ing themselves in costume backstage!

From Joseph Gaines, Tenor's Facebook page

Thanks for viewing, and we hope to see you at one of our 2014 Festival performances!

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Central City Opera Perks Up: Gift Shop Now Sells Cholua Brothers' Coffee

Central City Opera patrons are used to the gift shop’s usual souvenirs. Homemade fudge, jewelry, and t-shirts with the summer's shows printed on them comprise the habitual goods. There are even some ornate and educational coffee table books, from Opera in the Rockies to Theatre of Dreams, yet there has never been any coffee. This year, the 2014 Festival is finally getting a little more caffeinated.

Brothers Dave and Anthony Cholua never meant to kick-start a coffee business. “Coffee roasting was just a hobby,” spokesman and co-owner Dave Cholua said. The brothers and their family always enjoyed crafting homemade coffee liquor, a creamy recipe gleaned from their ancestors, but their business never went farther than gifting the liquor to friends at Christmastime. Well, until they started experimenting with coffee roasting.

Brothers Dave (left) and Anthony Cholua display their
Naturally Flavored, Medium Roast and French Roast coffees in their store.
“People would tell us, ‘Do you realize you have the smoothest, boldest taste in the coffee business?’” Cholua said, and so the brothers considered opening their own company. Anthony had enough saved from bartending in Black Hawk, which also allowed him to perfect the liquor recipe, and Dave had the marketing know-how as a graphic designer. The business idea percolated into Cholua Bros. Mining Co., their fully realized and self-owned coffee store located in a centurial barn in Black Hawk. The brothers also enjoy recreational mining – their family emigrated from Poland in the 1800’s searching for gold – and often sport helmets and Western attire reminiscent of the gold rushes, hence the company’s title. “We get people trying to sell us mining equipment,” Cholua humorously lamented, “so we subtitled the business, ‘An Old Time Coffee Store.’”

The brothers’ rather spontaneous career shift became an even quicker reality. “The city of Black Hawk welcomed us with open arms,” a grateful Cholua said. The brothers had been selling their products online since last May, but when Black Hawk approved their lease they put the business in the barn, opening their doors on October 20.

Cholua Bros. Mining Co. is located on 470 Gregory Street in Black Hawk
in a historic barn that is more than one hundred years old.
The coffee beans hail from Brazil, but the brothers credit their natural flavors – vanilla, hazelnut, and pure caramel – and the high altitude roasting to their steaming success. The mountainous elevation and cool Rocky air are ideal for roasting as it produces a quicker coffee at a lower temperature, which prevents scorching. “We started roasting at 10,000 feet,” Cholua said. At such a high elevation, the brothers may be making coffee at the highest altitude in the United States. “That was our ore,” he smiled.

While Cholua Bros. Mining Co. also sells local barbeque sauces, pickled green beans, and even gold canning kits made by a professional geologist, the brothers emphasize that they run a coffee store and not a coffee shop. There are tables to sit at, but coffee is only sold in bags. If a customer wants to sample a flavor, however, the cup is always on the house. By this fall, one year from their grand opening, the brothers also hope to sell their famous coffee liquor. “It makes Kahlúa taste like cough medicine,” Cholua joked. Perhaps this will be another treat sold in the Central City Opera Gift Shop for the 2015 Festival.

“Two of the things I’ve heard we needed are ice cream and coffee, and now we have both,” said Wanda Larson, Central City Opera’s Office Administrator and Gift Shop Buyer. “We love having local vendors in the gift shop; I’m very excited to have them.” Larson also added that 100% of the gift shop’s proceeds always return to the Opera.

Stop by the Central City Opera Gift Shop beginning June 28
to buy some of the Cholua brothers' coffee!
Larson heard about Cholua Bros. Mining Co. in a newspaper and has since seen the pair around Gilpin County at various community events, from the Black Hawk Block Party to Madam Lou Bunch Day in Central City. “Hammond’s Candies [in Denver] is also selling our product, and they’re going to try out our liquor for their fudge. It’s a pleasure working with Central City Opera and Hammond’s Candies; these are two vintage landmarks,” Cholua said.

The brothers look forward to appearing at Central City Opera on June 28, the 2014 Festival’s Yellow Rose Ball and opening night of The Marriage of Figaro. They will also be present at each opera performance to sell their product at intermission and meet local patrons.

More than caffeinating, the brothers’ fresh coffee is also rejuvenating. “A little while ago I got a message from a woman in Michigan while in the Indianapolis airport on my way home from a friend’s wedding,” Cholua shared. “She said her husband has Stage IV esophagus cancer and hasn’t been able to drink coffee in two years, but she bought some of our coffee while out here. ‘He’s gone through half a bag!’ she told us and then ordered three bags online. Maybe it’s less acidic…we’re not coffee experts, but that was a pretty cool story.”

For now, the brothers are just happy to have satisfied customers and a uniquely crafted product. “It’s the most labor of love we’ve ever had,” Cholua said. “If we can make enough to retire, we’re the luckiest guys. And maybe that’s why it’s been so successful, because we love it so much.”

The Central City Opera Gift Shop is located in the historic Teller House just downhill of the Opera House in Central City. For The Sound of Music our gift shop will be located in the lobby of the Ellie Caulkins Opera House.